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Summary of Proposal OCE0532

TitleDetection and Discrimination of Icebergs, Ships and Sea Ice
Investigator Power, Desmond - C-CORE, Memorial University of Newfoundland
Team Member
Project Bobby, Pradeep - C-CORE, Memorial
Remote Sensing/GIS a Lynch, Michael - C-CORE, Memorial University of Newfoundland
SummaryOne of C-CORE’s most recent successes in Earth Observation is the international Polar View project that it leads with a team of over 80 partners in 14 countries. The Polar View project (whose origins started in 2002) provides advanced environmental monitoring services from satellites. The services are focused on operational users requiring timely information on an ongoing basis. Polar View has been an overwhelming success and has become the top project of the European Space Agency’s Global Monitoring of the Environment and Security program. Polar View’s operational services are based on low resolution and medium resolution satellites. C-CORE has worked with the majority of existing satellite systems and is well versed in the data processing, signal and image analysis, and feature extraction of critical parameters from the satellites. Hence, C-CORE is positioned as one of the leading Canadian companies in radar satellite monitoring. However, due to the low resolution of the current satellite data and low revisit cycles, the applications tend to be limited to wide area monitoring of large features and targets. To address these limitations, it is necessary to adapt the service to incorporate a new generation of radar satellites such as TerraSAR-X. The features of these satellites include higher resolution for increased detail; higher revisit cycles for more frequent imaging opportunities; multiple channels (polarimetry) for better classification of detected features; and multiple radar frequencies for better discrimination of surface features. The proposed project will focus on the integration of newly available SAR satellites, such as TerraSAR-X and RADARSAT-2 into operational Ship/Iceberg Monitoring Services. An evaluation of these technologies will be conducted for iceberg and ship detection and discrimination. To aid in this evaluation, software and algorithm development will occur. C-CORE has developed several software programs in-house for operational analysis of SAR data. For example the IDS, which automatically processes SAR data for ocean targets. This software has been adapted over the years to process single-polarization RADARSAT-1 data and single and dual-polarization ENVISAT data. Under the proposed work, the IDS will be adapted to ingest and perform automatic detection of ocean targets for new types of SAR data. A second software program to be modified is the Quality Control Process software, which enables an image analyst to view and validate imagery detection/discrimination results. This software is essential to the operational delivery of products and will also require modification to ingest new types of SAR data. Under Polar View, a service chain has been developed describing the process of service delivery to an end-user. The proposed work will involve an optimization of the service chain to ensure seamless integration of the new technologies for operational services. Lastly, the proposed project will involve trial and demonstration programs involving the end-users of the service. This will provide an opportunity to show case the capabilities of the new technology. Funding for this project will be provided by other projects such as the Polar View project. This project will provide the opportunity to analyze TerraSAR-X imagery for the purpose of evaluation and also offer a mechanism to provide trial and demonstration programs. The following deliverables will be a result of this project: • Evaluation of TerraSAR-X for ship/iceberg detection/discrimination; • IDS upgrades for automated detection of ocean targets in TerraSAR-X data; • Modification of QCP to ingest TerraSAR-X data; • Modification of the operational service chain; and • Trial and demonstration programs.

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